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Blood borne Pathogens / Infection Control (SD)
____________________ _________________ are a set of precautions designed to prevent the transmission of HIV, Hepatitis B, and other blood borne pathogens when providing first aid or health care.
Wash hands for a minimum of __________ to ________ seconds.
2 to 5
5 to 10
15 to 20
Blood borne pathogens are pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. Hepatitis B and HIV are two examples of blood borne pathogens.
The use of protective barriers, such as gloves, gowns, aprons, masks, or protective eyewear can reduce the risk of exposure to potentially infective materials.
Try to avoid unprotected mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Handwashing is the single most important measure for preventing the spread of infection.
If you do not have access to running water, use an antiseptic towelette or antiseptic hand cleanser.
Choose your protective equipment according to the task you are going to perform.
HIV is the only blood borne pathogen that is known to be present in human blood.
If you use disposable gloves, you must wash your hands with soap and water as soon as you possibly can upon removing the gloves.
Mucous membranes are a potential route of entry into the body for blood borne pathogens.
Universal precautions mean treating all blood and body fluids as potentially infectious.
Placing all sharps in any type of container is proper disposal.
Never pick up broken glass which may be contaminated with your hands. Use tongs or a brush and dust pan.
There is a safe procedure for glove removal that should be followed at all times.
Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended.
You should bend all of your needles before putting them in a sharps container.
Use single-use disposable gloves as often as possible before disposing of them.
HIV and Hepatitis B are the only blood borne threats you face.
If you are exposed and know where the blood came from, don't bother reporting it.